XML

Extensible Markup Language. A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format which is both human-readable and machine-readable. Unlike HTML, XML's set of rules is not chosen, but defined by its writer. A properly written XML document has a ‘tree’ structure, in which each branch represents a data entity, [...]

SOAP

Simple Object Access Protocol. A protocol for exchanging objects between Web Services SOAP uses XML as message and object format and usually relies on HTTP for transmission.

IP, TCP, TCP/IP

Acronyms for “Internet Protocol” and “Transmission Control Protocol”. The first protocols in the computer networking model that is the basis for the internet. DICOM, HL7, and almost all other computer networking standards use TCP/IP.

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The protocol that is used for the world wide web (www).